검색
검색 팝업 닫기

Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords

Article

Original Article

J Environ Health Sci. 2017; 43(2): 103-110

Published online April 30, 2017

Copyright © The Korean Society of Environmental Health.

Determination of Hazardous Metals in Nail Enamel Containing Glitter

글리터를 포함한 네일 에나멜 제품의 유해 금속 분석

Suk Kyung Ko, Sam Ju Chung, Young Hye Park, Ae Sook Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Geon Yong Park, Young Hee Oh

고숙경, 정삼주, 박영혜, 박애숙, 김현정, 박건용, 오영희

Abstract

Objectives: This study was performed to provide basic data for the re-establishment of standards (criteria) and analytical methods for hazardous metals in nail enamel.
Methods: Ten metals (lead; Pb, arsenic; As, cadminum; Cd, antimony: Sb, cobalt; Co, nikel; Ni, copper; Cu, chromium; Cr, aluminum; Al, and mercury; Hg) were measured in 67 commercial nail enamels containing glitter and/or pearls. The content of hazardous metals (excepting Hg) was determined by using an inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrophotometer (ICP-OES) after microwave digestion. Mercury content was measured by a mercury analyzer without any preparation.
Results: The detected ranges of the intact samples were as follows: ND - 1.756 µg/g for Pb, ND - 1.24 µg/g for As, ND for Cd, ND - 20.41 µg/g for Sb, ND - 12.36 µg/g for Co, ND - 7.908 µg/g for Ni, 0.088 - 79.27 µg/g for Cu, 0.281 - 18.54 µg/g for Cr, 13.78 - 3 563 µg/g for Al, and ND - 0.044 µg/g for Hg. After centrifugation, the detected ranges of supernatant were as follows: ND - 0.435 µg/g for Pb, ND -0.504 µg/g for As, ND for Cd, ND - 0.035 µg/g for Sb, ND - 13.17 µg/g for Co, ND - 0.232 µg/g for Ni, 0.117 - 90.07 µg/g for Cu, 0.174 - 2.787 µg/g for Cr, and 9.459 - 1 565 µg/g for Al. The results of this analysis showed that the levels of heavy metals such as Pb, As, and Sb were much higher in the intact samples than those of supernatant.
Conclusion: In the present study, we found that the levels of hazardous metals were significantly different depending on the status of the presence of glitter. Based on the results, we recommend that the product consumer refrain from prolonged application of nail enamel, avoid biting or chewing the nails, and wear gloves during cooking and washing dishes.

KeywordsGlitter,hazardous metals,inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrophotometer (ICP-OES),nail enamel

The Korean Society of Environmental Health

Vol.50 No.3
June, 2024

pISSN 1738-4087
eISSN 2233-8616

Frequency: Bimonthly

Current Issue   |   Archives

Stats or Metrics

Share this article on :

  • line